SHS 3 Geography
The Geography syllabus covers the planetary systems with emphasis on the earth as the planet habitable by humans, plants and animals. The principal issues concern the physical environments with the prospects and challenges of the human environment-relationships. The issue of understanding and interpreting maps, the geographical understanding of political divisions, identification and utilization of resources, livelihood activities that are and can be pursued in specific environments are also dealt with.
Rational for Teaching Geography
Geography studies the inter-relationships of the individual, physical and social environments both in spatial (relating to geographic space) and temporal (historical times) terms. Issues of the environment are becoming increasingly important and Geography, which studies the environment as a system, can and does provide solutions to environmental problems. Geography thus has a vital contribution to make towards the purpose of education, i.e., solving societal problems and further providing the critical foundation knowledge in the development of Ghana.
The value of Geography lies in helping people to understand and adapt to the dynamics of the environment in which they live. The study of geography therefore enables us to understand geographic facts without which it becomes impossible to acquire intimate knowledge of the environment we have to utilize toward our development. Specifically, Geography serves as one of the vehicles or tools for implementing the national educational objectives at the senior high school level by way of the following:
1. Improving the communication skills of students, especially in the areas of describing and evaluating environmental concerns.
2. Providing students with knowledge and understanding of their communities, nation and the world.
3. Developing in them moral values and attitudes for appreciating nature‟s resources.
4. Equipping students with significant skills to enable them contribute towards improving on and sustaining the environment, e.g. landscaping (involving tree planting and controlling or managing erosion).
5. Nurturing a generation of people who can think reflectively of others, respect their dignity and values which we as Ghanaians and members of the world community live for. Geography offers opportunities for mental training and intellectual development.
6. Enabling students to make an honest living in future. This refers to careers in Geography that are open to Senior High School graduates. The study of Geography at this level will lay the foundation in areas such as map-work, human and regional Geography. Thus, students who do not opt for higher education at the tertiary level, would be able to find employment in the public and private sectors of the national economy, where they can serve as: assistants to other professionals- i.e. Agronomists, Cartographers, Economists, Geographers, Regional and Urban Planners, Sociologists, Surveyors, Teachers etc.
7. Producing a generation of citizens imbued with the attitudes of co-operation, self-reliance, industry, self discipline and preparedness to be leaders as well as followers.
8. Fostering national and international unity, better understanding of different geographical environments, cooperation of the various ethnic groups in the country toward national growth and development as well as reconciling differences among Ghanaians and other nationalities.
9. Acquiring skills for effective organization and utilization of space both in urban and rural environments thereby exposing students to the policies and principles underlying land use practices; recognition of the implications of rapid population growth, urbanization, rural-urban drift of the population and its associated rural depopulation, resource exploitation and utilization for socio-economic development and relevant measures for dealing with the impact of population growth on the environment.
In sum, the contribution of Geography to the education of the student at the Senior High School level finds expression in the communicative, cognitive (mental development about environmental resources), affective (caring and protection of the environment) and psychomotor (hands-on-skills for environmental management) domains.
The syllabus is designed to help students to:
1. use knowledge of the spatial relationships and the differences in character of the earth‟s surface in their lives and work
2. recognize the relationship between the life of people, their physical environment and the concepts of individual-environment.
3. develop empathy for people of other environments with different resources, goals and challenges from one‟s own area.
4. acquire the skills of geographic investigation or field study i.e. collecting, classifying, analyzing and interpreting geographic data.
5. acquire the basic knowledge about the nature of the physical and human environment.
6. develop awareness of the nature and functioning of the physical and human elements and their inter-relationships.
West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE)
- Lectures 5
- Quizzes 2
- Skill level SHS 3
- Language English
- Students 13
- Assessments Yes